What is the prostate?

The prostate, a part of the male reproductive system, is about the same size and shape as a walnut and weighs about an ounce. It is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum, and surrounds the urethra, the tube-like structure that carries urine from the bladder out through the penis. The main function of the prostate is to produce ejaculatory fluid.

What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer in men .

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

In its early stages, prostate cancer may not cause any symptoms. But as the cancer grows, the following symptoms may appear: frequent urination (especially at night), problems with urination (inability, weakened flow, pain, burning, etc.), painful ejaculation, blood in urine or semen and/or frequent pain or stiffness in the back, hips or upper thighs. These symptoms are also common in men with benign enlargement of the prostate gland.

Sometimes this cancer can be small, slow growing and present limited risk to the patient.

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